medicinal herbs and plants

Cultivating medicinal herbs and plants in vertical farms

Vertical farms can cultivate more potent medicinal herbs and plants than ever, but what does this mean to end-users? Here is your guide to the medicinal herb revolution.

While all plants cultivated in vertical farms offer a plentitude of health benefits, medicinal herbs and plants stand out as nature’s foremost healers. The plants discussed in this article aren’t just traditional remedies; they’re backed by science and proven to promote health and wellness.

The synergy of vertical farms and medicinal herbs and plants

Vertical farming and medicinal herbs are a match made in heaven. The controlled environment of vertical farms ensures that these delicate herbs receive the precise care they need, while the space-saving design allows for mass cultivation without compromising quality. 

The global demand for medicinal herbs is on a steady rise. As more people turn to natural remedies and holistic health solutions, the need for high-quality, pesticide-free medicinal plants has never been greater. Traditional farming methods often struggle to meet this burgeoning demand due to space constraints, unpredictable weather conditions, and the risk of pests. 

Enter vertical farms, which can produce medicinal herbs year-round, regardless of external weather conditions. They can grow a vast number of medicinal plants in a fraction of the space required by traditional farms. 

Also, conditions can be meticulously controlled so that herbs that thrive in cooler temperatures with high humidity can be grown alongside plants that prefer warmer conditions with less moisture, all within the same vertical farm.

Whether it’s a herb that thrives in the cool spring months or requires the warmth of summer, vertical farms can simulate these conditions at any time of the year. This continuous cultivation ensures a steady supply of medicinal herbs and stabilizes prices, making holistic health solutions accessible to everyone.
Related article: From concept to harvest: A complete guide to starting a vertical farm

Benefits of growing medicinal herbs and plants on vertical farms

The fusion of modern technology with ancient herbal wisdom has given rise to a revolutionary approach to cultivating medicinal herbs and plants. Vertical farms, with their state-of-the-art systems, offer many advantages when it comes to growing these potent plants.

Medicinal herbs grown in a vertical farm.

Consistency in potency and quality

One of the primary concerns when sourcing medicinal herbs is the consistency in their potency. Traditional farming methods, influenced by varying weather conditions and soil quality, often result in fluctuations in the medicinal properties of the herbs. However, vertical farms, with their controlled environments, eliminate these inconsistencies.

Every parameter, from light to humidity, is meticulously managed in vertical farms. This ensures that each batch of medicinal herbs grown is consistent in potency and quality. 

When consumers or pharmaceutical companies source herbs from vertical farms, they can be assured of receiving a product that meets the same high standard every single time. This consistency is not just beneficial for health but also crucial for research and medicinal formulations where precise dosages and reliable efficacy are paramount.

Reduced exposure to pests and contaminants

One of the significant challenges in growing medicinal herbs is the threat of pests and contaminants. In traditional farming, this often leads to the use of pesticides, which can linger on the herbs and diminish their medicinal properties. Vertical farms, with their closed environments, drastically reduce the exposure of medicinal herbs to pests.

Moreover, the hydroponic systems commonly used in vertical farms eliminate the need for soil, further reducing the risk of soil-borne diseases and contaminants. When you source medicinal herbs from vertical farms, you get plants grown in a sterile environment, free from harmful chemicals and pests. This ensures that the healing properties of the herbs remain untainted, offering maximum health benefits.


A comprehensive guide to vertical farming

Master the art of vertical farming with our comprehensive guide. Explore the benefits, techniques, and success stories of vertical farming.

Challenges and solutions

While the cultivation of medicinal herbs and plants in vertical farms offers many advantages, it’s essential to acknowledge the challenges of this innovative approach. 

By understanding these challenges, vertical farming suppliers and cultivators can devise effective solutions, ensuring that the medicinal herbs grown are of the highest quality and efficacy. Let’s delve into some of these challenges and explore the potential solutions.

Replicating natural habitats of medicinal herbs and plants

Challenge: Every medicinal herb has evolved in a specific natural habitat, with unique soil compositions, microbial communities, and climatic conditions. Replicating these intricate environments in vertical farms can be challenging.

Solution: Advanced vertical farms are now integrating AI and machine learning to analyze the optimal growth conditions of various medicinal herbs. By collecting data from the natural habitats of these plants, vertical farms can simulate the exact light spectrum, humidity levels, and nutrient mixtures required. 

Additionally, introducing beneficial microbes into hydroponic solutions can further mimic natural soil conditions, ensuring that the medicinal herbs and plants thrive just as they would in their native environments.

Ensuring the medicinal potency of plants

Challenge: The medicinal potency of herbs is influenced by various factors, including stress from pests, resource competition, and climatic conditions. In the controlled environment of vertical farms, ensuring these plants still produce their beneficial compounds can be a concern.

Solution: Introducing controlled stressors, such as slight variations in light or nutrient levels, can stimulate medicinal herbs to produce their active compounds. Regular testing and analysis of the herbs can ensure they maintain their medicinal potency. 

By understanding the biosynthetic pathways of these compounds, vertical farms can fine-tune the conditions to optimize the production of these beneficial molecules.

Economic considerations: Cost vs. benefit

Challenge: Setting up a vertical farm, especially one tailored for medicinal herbs, can be capital intensive. The advanced technology, energy costs, and initial investment can be daunting for many.

Solution: While the initial setup cost for vertical farms can be high, the long-term benefits often outweigh these expenses. The ability to cultivate medicinal herbs year-round, reduced losses from pests and diseases, and the premium quality of the produce can lead to higher profit margins. 

Additionally, as technology advances and becomes more widespread, the costs associated with vertical farming are expected to decrease. Grants, subsidies, and partnerships can also help offset the initial investment.

Scaling for commercial production

Challenge: While small-scale vertical farms are relatively easier to manage, scaling up for commercial production of medicinal herbs can introduce complexities in terms of logistics, consistent quality, and meeting demand.

Solution: Implementing modular designs in vertical farms can aid in scalability. Each module can be tailored for a specific medicinal herb, ensuring consistent quality across the board. Automated systems, from planting to harvesting, can streamline operations, making large-scale production more manageable. Collaborating with experts in the field of medicinal plants can also ensure that commercial production meets the required standards and demands.

Related article: Vertical farming challenges: Turning disadvantages to our advantage

By overcoming the challenges of cultivating medicinal herbs and plants on vertical farms, we can truly revolutionize the production of a wide range of natural remedies for many serious health issues. Let’s, therefore, take a closer look at the specific herbs that are ideal candidates for vertical farming and how to maximize their potential.


From concept to harvest:
A complete guide to starting a vertical farm

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on starting a vertical farm. We will walk you through every step of the journey from understanding the concept to reaping your first harvest.

12 Medicinal herbs and plants with proven health benefits

Unfortunately, medicinal herbs sometimes get a bad rep due to the widespread exploitation of their sales potential. For every serious vendor of medicinal herbs and plants, you’re bound to bump into a handful of unserious websites and stores. To help you navigate the medicinal plant landscape, we’ve compiled a list of 12 herbs and plants with scientifically proven benefits:

1. Wheatgrass

Health benefits: Packed with chlorophyll, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, it is often consumed as a juice for detoxification.

Wheatgrass, one of many medicinal herbs that can be grown in indoor farms.

Vertical farming considerations: Wheatgrass thrives in well-aerated substrates. Using hydroponic systems with regular nutrient replenishment in vertical farms can ensure consistent growth. Its short growth cycle also allows for frequent harvests, maximizing yield in a limited space.

2. Broccoli Sprouts

Health benefits: Known for detoxification, anti-inflammatory properties, and potential cancer prevention.

Vertical farming considerations: Broccoli sprouts require consistent moisture and a well-draining medium. Hydroponic systems can be optimized in vertical farms to ensure these conditions, promoting rapid and healthy growth.

3. Hibiscus

Health benefits: Hibiscus has been traditionally consumed as a tea and is known for its potential to help lower blood pressure. It contains bioactive phytochemicals that might contribute to its antihypertensive effects.

Vertical farming considerations: Hibiscus prefers a warm climate and well-draining soil. In vertical farming, ensuring a warm environment with adequate humidity can promote its growth. The plant requires consistent watering but should not be waterlogged.

4. Rosemary

Health benefits: Offers antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, aids in digestion, and enhances memory.

Rosemary, a medicinal herb that can be cultivated on vertical farms.

Vertical farming considerations: Rosemary prefers well-draining soil and consistent light. LED lights that mimic full sun conditions and aeroponic or hydroponic systems in vertical farms can ensure healthy growth and aromatic compound production.

Related article: LED grow lights for tastier food and a healthier planet

5. Milk Thistle

Health benefits: Liver protection and cholesterol-lowering. 

Vertical farming considerations: While the entire plant can be grown in vertical farms, the seeds of Milk Thistle are particularly valued for their medicinal properties. Proper cultivation practices in vertical farms can ensure a healthy yield of these beneficial seeds.

6. Echinacea

Health benefits: Popular for boosting the immune system and its anti-inflammatory effects.

Vertical farming considerations: Echinacea prefers well-draining soil and full sun to partial shade. In vertical farms, LED lights can be optimized to provide the right light spectrum, and hydroponic systems can ensure consistent moisture for healthy growth.

7. Nettle

Health benefits: Contains vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It offers anti-inflammatory benefits and supports joint health.

Vertical farming considerations: Nettles are adaptable plants that can grow in various soil types. In vertical farms, ensuring consistent moisture and using a nutrient-rich medium can promote growth. Care should be taken during harvesting due to stinging hairs.

8. Parsley

Health benefits: Rich in vitamins A, C, and K, antioxidants, and has anti-inflammatory properties.

Vertical farming considerations: Parsley prefers well-draining soil and consistent moisture. Hydroponic systems can be optimized in vertical farms to provide these conditions, ensuring regular and healthy harvests.

9. Lavender

Health benefits: Known for anxiety relief, improved sleep, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Vertical farming considerations: Lavender requires full sun conditions and well-draining soil. In vertical farms, LED lights can be adjusted to provide optimal light conditions, and aeroponic or hydroponic systems can ensure the correct soil moisture levels.

10. Peppermint

Health benefits: Aids digestion and provides relief from tension headaches.

Vertical farming considerations: Peppermint is a hardy herb that thrives in a variety of conditions. In vertical farming, its growth can be optimized by ensuring consistent moisture levels and providing a cooler environment, which can enhance the concentration of essential oils in the leaves.

11. Chamomile

Health benefits: Promotes sleep, aids in digestion, and supports skin health.

Vertical farming considerations: Chamomile prefers full sun to partial shade. LED lights that mimic these conditions on vertical farms can ensure healthy growth. The plant also prefers well-draining soil, so hydroponic systems with good aeration would be ideal.

12. St. John’s Wort

Health benefits: Often used for depression relief and mood stabilization.

Vertical farming considerations: St. John’s Wort requires a lot of light to flourish. In vertical farming setups, extended light exposure using high-intensity LED lights can promote growth and ensure the production of its active compounds. The plant prefers well-draining soil, making it suitable for certain hydroponic or aeroponic systems in vertical farms.

What access to high-quality medicinal plants mean for end-users

The end-users are the driving force behind the demand for high-quality medicinal herbs, which is why it’s crucial to understand the consumer’s perspective. And the primary advantage is the unparalleled quality. 

For end-users, this means access to medicinal herbs free from harmful pesticides and contaminants, grown under optimal conditions to enhance their medicinal properties. 

Whether for daily health supplements, therapeutic applications, or holistic treatments, consumers can trust the efficacy of medicinal herbs from vertical farms. This trust can lead to better health outcomes and a deeper appreciation for natural remedies.

How can consumers verify the quality of vertically farmed medicinal herbs?

In a market flooded with products claiming to be ‘organic’ and ‘natural,’ how can consumers ensure that the medicinal herbs they purchase from vertical farms are genuinely of the highest quality?

Transparency is key. Vertical farms can employ technology like blockchain to track and verify every step of the cultivation process. This digital ledger can inform consumers about the herb’s origin, growth conditions, harvest time, and more. QR codes on product packaging can give consumers direct access to this information.

Additionally, third-party certifications and lab tests can validate the purity and potency of the medicinal herbs. By looking for these certifications and test results, consumers can confidently choose vertically farmed medicinal herbs that meet the highest standards.

Are medicinal plants from vertical farms more expensive?

Given the advanced technology and controlled environments of vertical farms, a common concern among consumers is the cost. Will they have to pay a premium for these high-quality medicinal herbs?

While the initial costs of setting up vertical farms can be high, the efficiency and year-round cultivation capabilities often balance out these expenses. Reduced losses from pests, diseases, and weather-related issues mean that vertical farms can produce more in less space and time. This efficiency can lead to competitive pricing for consumers.

Moreover, as vertical farming technology becomes more prevalent and economies of scale come into play, the costs will likely decrease further. Consumers might find that the price difference between traditionally farmed and vertically farmed medicinal herbs is minimal, especially when considering the superior quality they receive.

The sustainability factor: Eco-friendly and potent

Beyond quality and cost, the modern consumer is increasingly conscious of the environmental impact of their purchases. Vertical farms offer a sustainable solution to the cultivation of medicinal herbs.

Using up to 95% less water than traditional farming and eliminating the need for harmful pesticides, vertical farms are a beacon of sustainable agriculture. For consumers, this means that every dose of their medicinal herb not only benefits their health but also contributes to a healthier planet.

Furthermore, due to localized production and reduced transportation needs, the reduced carbon footprint makes medicinal herbs from vertical farms a truly green choice. For the eco-conscious consumer, this alignment of health benefits and environmental responsibility makes vertically-farmed medicinal herbs an obvious choice.

Read more: Towards a sustainable future with vertical farming

The road ahead: Future prospects and innovations

The journey of cultivating medicinal herbs in vertical farms is just beginning. As technology evolves and our understanding of plant biology deepens, the potential for innovations in this space is boundless. Let’s explore what the future might hold for medicinal herbs and vertical farms.

Technological advancements on the horizon

The world of vertical farming is ripe for technological innovations. As we move forward, we can expect:

  1. AI and machine learning: Advanced algorithms will predict the optimal conditions for each medicinal herb, tailoring light, humidity, and nutrient levels to maximize potency and yield.
  2. Robotics: Automated systems will handle everything from planting seeds to harvesting mature plants, ensuring efficiency and reducing human error.
  3. Advanced hydroponics and aeroponics: New systems will further reduce water usage while enhancing nutrient delivery, ensuring medicinal herbs receive everything they need for optimal growth.
  4. Genomic insights: By understanding the genetic makeup of medicinal herbs, vertical farms can potentially enhance specific medicinal properties, leading to more potent and effective plants.

These technological advancements will streamline the cultivation process and enhance the quality and potency of the medicinal herbs grown in vertical farms.

Read more: Vertical farming technology game-changers: IoT, AI & robotics

Expanding the repertoire: Potential new medicinal plants for vertical farming

As vertical farming technology matures, the range of medicinal herbs and plants that can be cultivated will expand. Research is ongoing to identify new plants with potent medicinal properties that can thrive in vertical farming environments. Some potential candidates include:

1- Ashwagandha

Health benefits: An adaptogenic herb known for reducing stress, enhancing brain function, and exhibiting anti-cancer properties.

Ashwagandha, one of several up-and-coming medicinal herbs that can be grown on vertical farms.

Vertical farming considerations: Ashwagandha prefers slightly sandy soils and could benefit immensely from the controlled environment of vertical farms. In vertical farming, using a well-draining substrate and ensuring a warm environment can promote its growth. Regular watering without waterlogging is crucial.

2- Rhodiola

Health benefits: Rhodiola earns recognition for helping the body adapt to stress, combating fatigue, and boosting mood. Many also believe it enhances cognitive function and physical performance.

Rhodiola, one of several up-and-coming medicinal herbs that can be grown on vertical farms.

Vertical farming considerations: Rhodiola naturally grows in cold regions and high altitudes, often in rocky terrains. In vertical farms, this means creating a cooler environment with well-draining substrates to mimic its natural habitat. The controlled conditions of vertical farms can ensure that Rhodiola receives adequate light without excessive heat, maintaining its optimal growth and medicinal properties.

3- African Dream Root

Health benefits: A lesser-known herb with potential sleep-enhancing properties, traditionally used by the Xhosa people of South Africa for inducing vivid dreams. It could improve REM sleep if further developed in a controlled environment.

African dream root, one of several up-and-coming medicinal herbs that can be grown on vertical farms.

Vertical farming considerations: African Dream Root prefers a mix of sunlight and shade with moist, well-draining soil. In vertical farms, this would translate to a system that provides intermittent light, mimicking the dappled sunlight of its natural habitat. The hydroponic systems in vertical farms can ensure consistent moisture without overwatering, promoting the growth of healthy roots and potent leaves.

As research continues, the ever-expanding list suggests that vertical farms may soon become the primary source for many popular and lesser-known medicinal herbs.

In conclusion, vertical farms are the future of medicinal herbs

Vertical farming has ushered in a new era for the cultivation of medicinal herbs. By offering a controlled environment, these farms ensure consistent quality and potency, something that’s paramount for medicinal plants. 

The ability to grow these herbs year-round, free from the constraints of traditional farming, means that consumers can always access high-quality, effective herbal remedies. And as technology evolves, the potential for vertical farms to revolutionize the world of medicinal herbs becomes even more apparent.


Contact us

We are seeking contact with people that want to contribute to a better environment. Employees, customers, chefs, investors and equipment manufacturers.

Embracing a future of elevated healing

The fusion of ancient herbal wisdom with cutting-edge technology in vertical farms signifies a future where healing is elevated. Consumers can trust the efficacy of their herbal remedies, knowing they come from a clean, controlled, and sustainable source. 

As we embrace the future of cultivating medicinal plants, the line between nature and technology blurs, leading to a world where medicinal herbs from vertical farms become the gold standard in natural healing.


ScienceDirect: A review of the effectiveness of hibiscus for treatment of metabolic syndrome
US National Library of Medicine: Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.): A Review
United States National Library of Medicine: Antioxidant Potential of Parsley Leaf Essential Oil on Hypothyroidism and Testicular Injury in Mice Intoxicated by Carbon Tetrachloride
US National Library of Medicine: Blue Light Enhances Health-Promoting Sulforaphane Accumulation in Broccoli Sprouts through Inhibiting Salicylic Acid Synthesis
United States National Library of Medicine: Chamomile: A Review of Its Traditional Uses, Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological Activities and Quality Control Studies
US National Library of Medicine: Clinical relevance of St. John’s wort drug interactions revisited
United States National Library of Medicine: Current Trends for Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) Crops and Products with Emphasis on Essential Oil Quality
US National Library of Medicine: Echinacea biotechnology: advances, commercialization, and future considerations
United States National Library of Medicine: Effects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) on Stress and the Stress-Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders Anxiety, Depression, and Insomnia
US National Library of Medicine: Intestinal, liver, and lipid disorders in genetically heavy-weight rats are more efficiently reduced by dietary milk thistle seeds than their oil
United States National Library of Medicine: Rapid Screening of Mentha spicata Essential Oil and L-Menthol in Mentha piperita Essential Oil by ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy Coupled with Multivariate Analyses
US National Library of Medicine: Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica L.): Nutritional Composition, Bioactive Compounds, and Food Functional Properties
United States National Library of Medicine: Turmeric and its bioactive constituents trigger cell signaling mechanisms that protect against diabetes and cardiovascular diseases
US National Library of Medicine: Wheatgrass inhibits the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory effect in RAW 264.7 macrophages


We are seeking contact with people that want to contribute to a better environment. Employees, customers, chefs, investors and equipment manufacturers.

Latest posts

A comprehensive guide to vertical farming

A comprehensive guide to vertical farming

Master the art of vertical farming with our comprehensive guide. Explore the benefits, techniques, and success stories of vertical farming.

Share this article